Paraphrasing techniques

paraphrasing techniques

Remember that these techniques should only be used once you have ensured you fully understood the text; do not try to paraphrase a text you have not understood.

Be careful when using synonyms. Many words have several meanings, depending on contextand you have to think about the synonym which expresses the right meaning for the particular context. In the first paraphrase a verb has been replaced with a noun from the same word family. In the second an adjective has been replaced by a noun. Note that successful paraphrasing requires the use of multiple techniques each time. It is not sufficient to simply replace the keywords with synonyms and in fact this is a common mistake among students learning to paraphrase.

Changing the structure of the sentence is also important to fit the sentence into your paragraph effectively. Learn how to use English for study at university or college and develop your writing skills, vocabulary and grammar. Included in Unlimited. Prepare to study at university, explore the qualities of a successful student, and learn key vocabulary in an academic context.

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Browse more in Language and Study Skills. We use cookies to give you a better experience. Search term Search. An Intermediate Guide to Writing in University of Reading. Techniques for paraphrasing. Here are some techniques to use when paraphrasing. Changing the form of words In the first paraphrase a verb has been replaced with a noun from the same word family.

More courses you might like Learners who joined this course have also enjoyed these courses. Find out more. Part of a degree. Coventry University. English for Academic Study.It can be easy to spot when someone has copied directly from a textbook. We all have different styles of writing and yours will be different to the authors you are reading. Paraphrase Rephrasing or restating information from another source in your own words without changing the meaning. Usually shorter than the original passage.

Much shorter than the original text. The most common improvement strategy is upgrading management. Modern mythology promises that organisations will work splendidly if well managed. Unfortunately, they have not always been equal to the task, even when armed with computers, information systems, flowcharts, quality programs, and a panoply of other tools and techniques.

They go forth with this rational arsenal to try and tame our wild and primitive workplaces. Yet in the end, irrational forces too often prevail. You are probably already familiar with spellchecker and grammar checker in Microsoft Word.

Another beneficial tool is the thesaurus, which can aid your writing to find the best word to meet your needs. Using the thesaurus, you can look up synonyms different words with the same meaning and antonyms words with the opposite meaning. The following screencast demonstrates how to use the thesaurus function in Word.

How to write a good essay: Paraphrasing the question

Further paraphrasing tips from Queensland University of Technology. Writing skills Grammar Apostrophes Linking words Cautious language Paraphrasing, summarising and techniques Developing arguments Writing paragraphs. How to paraphrase To paraphrase, you need to: change the structure of the sentence change the words in the sentence. Changing the structure of a sentence Read the original text a number of times and make sure you understand the main ideas.

Write down the main ideas from memory. Check what you have written against the original text — make sure you have retained the original ideas and that your version is different. Changing the words It can be easy to spot when someone has copied directly from a textbook. Once you understand the main ideas of the original text look for specialised words — these words may be retained in the paraphrased version, as they are key to the meaning of the sentence. Look for words or phrases that can be changed.

Use a thesaurus or dictionary to find substitutes. Always acknowledge the original author when using a paraphrase or summary. Original The most common improvement strategy is upgrading management. Word thesaurus You are probably already familiar with spellchecker and grammar checker in Microsoft Word.

paraphrasing techniques

Write down your ideas without looking at the original. Use synonyms or change the word order of your sentence. Compare with the original to see whether you are conveying the same meaning. Note down the source so you can easily cite it later. Change vocabulary by using synonyms. Change word class. Change word order.This page describes specific techniques you can use to put information from outside sources into your own words. Begin restating the information by putting the author's name in the sentence.

Please note APA style referencing is used in the examples below:. As identified by Smithsocial dynamics involve … Social dynamics, as identified by Smithinvolve … Social dynamics involve …, as identified by Smith Smith states that … Smith asserts that … Smith suggests that … Smith corroborates this interpretation … Smith contrasts this with a similar situation … Smith highlights ….

Below is a list of some words that can be used to introduce an author's ideas, grouped by approximate meaning:. Consider this quotation.

An effective paraphrase would keep the main points searching, electronic database, query, definition of querybut rearrange the order:. Kennedy and Smithp. The first step in a search is to enter that query into an electronic database.

Adding these words can enhance the flow of your paraphrase and make it different from the original source. For a list of signpost words and phrases, see essay flow. If a word is not subject-specific terminology or a keyword, you can replace it with a word of similar or identical meaning. A thesaurus is a useful tool here, but you should always ensure that the new word means what you think it does. If you can, include your own opinion about the source while paraphrasing.

This shows that you understand the idea, can evaluate its usefulness, and can apply it in the assignment. The analysis made by Gibson about … is useful because it takes into account external factors.

Rather than paraphrasing one author at a time, consider combining several similar sources into a single sentence. This is known as synthesis:. Based on the ideas of JohnsonMcDonaldand Wrightit can be argued that … Based on the findings of JohnsonMcDonaldand Wrightit can be demonstrated that …. This step by step process can be used to put the ideas of other authors into your own words.In a nutshell, paper writing techniques are merely tactics used in rewriting a text in a different way.

Writing a paraphrase means restating the idea of other people in your own words, meaning that you write the idea of the author by using some of the key terms in your own sentence structures and words. With sentence paraphrase, you can tap ideas from the work of other people in order to keep away from plagiarism. And we will tell you all about how to reword a sentence properly.

In a situation where you write a text or quote it, it means that you are putting it in an exact manner it was written. This is quite different from paraphrasing because you are writing what another text has said when you are paraphrasing.

Paraphrasing and its tactics are very important, particularly in academia. This is because a report or essay copied verbatim will not yield you any mark and even reveal your poor academic and poor writing skills. Paper writing lets you discuss ideas from the point of view of the author and acknowledge the author in-text citation and keeping away from plagiarism. You also need to use paraphrasing techniques because they reveal that you have actually read and understood the original text when you paraphrase effectively.

We all are involved in paper writing during our lives and paraphrasing is a very useful skill. Why is that? This is normal to use ideas that are not ours for own writing goals but you need to present your understanding of it as well as your own conclusion. There are some techniques that will help you to paraphrase in your own words easily:. Original: Benjamin Paul, a medical professor says that universal changes are controlling the spread of disease. Paraphrase: : According to Benjamin Paul, a professor of medicine, changes all over the universe are causing diseases to spread Paul, Snowball, Original: Minority groups in the United States have been strike hardest by the outbreak.

Jefferey, Original: Gabriel stated that malaria kills over one million people yearly; the devastating majority of them are kids in sub-Saharan Africa. Paraphrase: : Each year, over a million people are killed by malaria, and the majority of the sufferers are children who live in sub-Saharan Africa Gabriel, Original: Lyme disease is a rabble-rousing ailment caused by a bacterium spread by ticks.

Paraphrase: : Lyme disease-an ailment that causes redness and swelling is caused by a bacterium carried by tick. Wolex, Paraphrase: : According to Steven Malta, a veterinarian who wrote Seven Contemporary Plagues, the disease could have come in many ways Peterside, With knowing some of the paraphrasing techniques you can boost chances to paraphrase effectively your papers.

Just get in touch with our reliable paraphrasing service and get you paper paraphrased quickly and professionally! So what is effective paraphrasing? As mentioned earlier, a technique that lets you borrow ideas from the work of other people in order to avoid plagiarism when you write a text is referred to as paraphrasing.

It then means that you should cite the source of whatever you paraphrase in your own words. Your paraphrase may be regarded as being plagiarized if you fail to cite the source properly. Pay adequate attention to punctuationparticularly to the right use of commas and periods in order to control the flow of your thoughts.

Paraphrasing techniques can be described as tactics you use whenever you are rewriting a text in a different way. On the other hand, when you paraphrase, it means that you are re-emphasizing the idea of other people in your own words. This means that you put the idea of the author in your own words by making use of some of the major terms in your own words and sentence structure. However, you must understand the secrets of paraphrasing techniques before you can be able to paraphrase effectively.

Therefore, use dissimilar attribution signals, make use of diverse definition structures, change a word from one part of speech to another, use synonyms, change percentages and numbers to different forms and change the order of words. All these areas the secrets you need to know about effective paraphrasing.

Hidden Paraphrasing Technique You Haven’t Known

Try as much as possible to bear these secrets in mind whenever you want to paraphrase. Why Using Paraphrasing Techniques?In a nutshell, paper writing approaches are merely tactics used in text writing in a different way.

It means restating the idea of other people in your own statements, meaning you take the idea of the author by using some of the key terms in own sentence structures.

You might tap ideas from the work of other people in order to keep away from plagiarism. In a situation where you write a text or quote it, it means you are putting it in an exact manner it was written. This is quite different from rehashing because you are writing what another text has said.

Its tactics are very important, particularly in academia. Paper writing lets you discuss ideas from the point of view of the author and acknowledge the author in-text citation and keeping away from plag. You also need to apply paraphrasing techniques because they reveal you have actually read and understood the original text when you transcribe effectively. We all are involved in paper writing during our lives and restating is a very effective skill.

Why is that? This is normal to apply ideas which are not ours for own goals but you need to present your understanding of it as well as your own conclusion.

paraphrasing techniques

There are some methods which would help to make your document better with ease:. Original: Benjamin Paul, a medical professor says that universal changes are controlling the spread of disease. Paraphrase: : According to Benjamin Paul, a professor of medicine, changes all over the universe are causing diseases to spread Paul, Snowball, Original: Minority groups in the United States have been strike hardest by the outbreak.

Jefferey, Original: Gabriel stated that malaria kills over one million people yearly; the devastating majority of them are kids in sub-Saharan Africa. Paraphrase: : Each year, over a million people are killed by malaria, and the majority of the sufferers are children who live in sub-Saharan Africa Gabriel, Original: Lyme disease is a rabble-rousing ailment caused by a bacterium spread by ticks. Paraphrase: : Lyme disease-an ailment that causes redness and swelling is caused by a bacterium carried by tick.

Wolex, Paraphrase: : According to Steven Malta, a veterinarian who wrote Seven Contemporary Plagues, the disease could have come in many ways Peterside, With knowing some of the paraphrase technique you can boost chances to paraphrase effectively your papers. Just get in touch with our reliable service and get your essay paraphrased quickly and professionally!

So what is effective restating? As mentioned earlier, a method which lets you borrow ideas from the work of other people in order to get rid off plagiarism when you create a text is referred to as rehashing. It then means you should cite the source of whatever you take in own words. Your article may be regarded as being plagiarized if you fail to cite the source properly.

Pay adequate attention to punctuation, particularly to the right usage of commas and periods in order to control the flow of your thoughts. Paraphrasing counseling technique could be described as the tactics you implement whenever. On the other hand, it means that you are re-emphasizing the idea of other people in your own words. This means you put the idea of the author in own words by making usage of some of the major terms in your own words and sentence structure.I am preparing to write my first manuscript for an international journal.

But since English is not my first language, for me, writing will involve some amount of imitation. I need to learn how to paraphrase effectively so as to avoid plagiarism. Can you help me? Asked on 16 Sep, True, for non-native authors writing in English, manuscript writing involves some amount of "imitation" as you have suggested, but that is more about imitating the style, not the content: for instance, you need to read other published works, summarize what they state in the literature review, sometimes borrow ideas or methodologies, and follow the style used in academic writing.

However, if you use material from another study, there are chances that your work might be considered plagiarized. Paraphrasing is a technique that allows you to borrow ideas from other works so as to avoid plagiarism. Of course, even if you paraphrase something, you should cite the source. If you do not cite the source properly, your paraphrase might also be considered plagiarized.

5 Paraphrasing Techniques with Examples

Here are a few tips on effective paraphrasing:. For a more detailed explanation, watch this video on how to paraphrase English text effectively.

Answered by Editage Insights on 30 Mar, Answered by Khadija Khaled on 06 Nov, Answered by Katerina Georgieva on 11 Nov, This content belongs to the Manuscript Writing Stage. Confirm that you would also like to sign up for free personalized email coaching for this stage.

paraphrasing techniques

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